eikōn: Christ the Pantocrator on his Throne

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“The word of Father , transcending all determination , determeined itself in its Incarnation through thee, Bearer of God. He made the defiled image as of Old and penetrated it with divine Beauty”.
(Kontakion sung at the first Sunday of Lent) when Church celebrates the victory of the Holy Images.

Sishuvaai swayame velivaayi …..Naraveshathil Jeevichu……  

Christ in his glory seated on the throne of Judgement

Christ in his glory seated on the throne of Judgement

(As a Baby you incarnated……Lived as Human…….)

“Image of Invisible God”, the first born of every creature (Col 1:15)
St Athanasius explains , “The Incarnation of the Son renews the image which lost its likeness through sin of Man”. It is not only the perfect Theophany, but also the realization of the Perfect man , to which the first Adam was unable to attain.

The Iconographic type of Christ the Pantocrator  expresses under the human features of the Incarnate Son, the divine majesty of the creator and redeemer, Who presides over the destinies of the world. The Pantocrator is seated on the throne, blessing with his right hand and holding in His left hand a scroll or a book. It is most commonly represented in the composition of “Deisis”, where our Lady and St John the Baptist stand on either side of throne. Icon of Christ the pantocrator can always be reduced to a half-length image except in icon of Last Judgement which always show the Pantocrator full length, seated on the throne of Glory.

The Large Icon shown here depicts the Savior as the King of glory, surrounded by heavenly powers. Sitting on a magnificent carved throne the savior blesses with right Hand, while with left he supported the open Gospel resting on his knee with composite test:
“Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.  John 7:24”.
He is surrounded by an oval mandorla and by two curved squares forming an octagonal star. Here the first square embraces only the beautifully placed majestic figure of Pantocrator. This square is enclosed in the mandorla which contains cherubim as representatives of the world of angels, surrounding the throne of God. In the corner of the second square traced beyond mandorla , are placed the symbols of evangelists who proclaimed the gospel to the four ends of the world. On the left of the spectator, above is the symbol of the evangelist Mathew- a man ; below is the symbol of Evangelist Mark- a lion. On right is an eagle – symbol of John and a bull- symbol of Luke (Rec 4:6-8).


To be continued with description of another Icon


Reference: Meaning of Icon Vladmir Loosky, Leonid Ouspensky

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